A man who was cleared over a sword attack on police outside Buckingham Palace went on to plan a series of terror attacks, a court has heard.
Mohiussunnath Chowdhury, 28, was found not guilty of a terror charge over an incident outside the palace in 2017, Woolwich Crown Court heard.
He is accused of later planning attacks on places including London’s Madame Tussauds and London Pride parade.
Mr Chowdhury, of Kirkwood Road, Luton, denies the charge.
He appeared in court alongside his sister, Sneha Chowdhury, 25, who is accused of doing nothing to stop his plans.
Ms Chowdhury, of the same address, denies two charges of failing to disclose information about acts of terrorism.
In the attack outside Buckingham Palace in August 2017, two unarmed officers suffered cuts to their hands when they fought to disarm Mr Chowdhury as he shouted repeatedly “Allahu Akbar” (God is the greatest).
The prosecution told the court that after he was cleared at the Old Bailey, Mr Chowdhury bragged to undercover officers who had him under surveillance that he had deceived the jury.
He also unwittingly confided in them plans to target busy London tourist attractions, with the Madam Tussauds museum and an open-top tourist bus among the potential targets discussed, prosecutor Duncan Atkinson QC said.
“Believing them to be as sincerely committed as he was, he told them of his devotion to the cause of violent Islamic extremism, the basis for this devotion and the skewed religious beliefs that underpinned it,” Mr Atkinson said.
He said Mr Chowdhury was “motivated by dreams of martyrdom for the cause of Islam, and inspired by preachers of hate”.
“The object was to unleash death and suffering on non-Muslim members of the public who happened to be present, using a firearm, sword and even a van as part of an attack,” he said.
The prosecutor told jurors they could consider Chowdhury’s “assertions” to the undercover officers that he was “indeed trying to carry out a terrorist attack in 2017 and that he had deceived the earlier jury that acquitted him of it”.
Mr Atkinson added: “Whatever the position in 2017, he was unquestionably preparing for terrorism in 2019.”
Mr Atkinson said Mr Chowdhury’s sister had “better reason than anyone” to understand what her brother was thinking and wanting to achieve, but she did nothing to stop him.
Mr Chowdhury is charged with one count of engaging in conduct in preparation of terrorist acts, collecting information likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism and of disseminating terrorist publications.
A police ban on Extinction Rebellion protests in London last month was unlawful, High Court judges have ruled.
The Metropolitan Police imposed the ban, which prevented two or more people from the group taking part in protests, under the Public Order Act.
But judges have ruled that police had no power to do this because the law did not cover “separate assemblies”.
Activists say the police could now face claims for false imprisonment from “potentially hundreds” of protesters.
The Met said it would “carefully consider” the ruling.
The protests cost £24m to police and led to 1,828 arrests, with 165 people charged with offences, the Met says.
During the court hearing, the force had argued that the ban was the only way to tackle widespread disruption.
Announcing their judgement, however, Lord Justice Dingemans and Mr Justice Chamberlain ruled in favour of Extinction Rebellion.
Lord Justice Dingemans said: “Separate gatherings, separated both in time and by many miles, even if co-ordinated under the umbrella of one body, are not a public assembly within the meaning of… the Act.
“The XR [Extinction Rebellion] autumn uprising intended to be held from October 14 to 19 was not therefore a public assembly… therefore the decision to impose the condition was unlawful because there was no power to impose it under… the Act.”
The judges noted that there are powers within that act which may be used lawfully to “control future protests which are deliberately designed to ‘take police resources to breaking point”‘.
During 10 days of climate change protests last month, activists shut down areas around Parliament and the Bank of England, and targeted London City Airport.
Police had previously warned protesters to keep demonstrations in Trafalgar Square, or risk arrest – before issuing a city-wide ban on 14 October, under Section 14 of the Public Order Act.
The court was told that the ban was issued on the same day as a message posted online by London activists.
It told protesters to adopt the “be water” tactics used by demonstrators in Hong Kong.
“Be water, crowds split up into fast moving groups and pairs, that network via phones,” it said.
“You gather at particular spots in large numbers, until the police response building then you move to a new disruptive site.”
The ban was lifted four days later, with officers saying that it was no longer necessary because demonstrations had ended.
BBC home affairs correspondent Daniel Sandford
This was a radical tactic adopted by the Metropolitan Police on 14 October – banning all future Extinction Rebellion protests across London for several days.
But it has backfired. No police force likes to have their actions described as “unlawful”.
Today’s High Court ruling takes away from officers the ability to impose a city-wide ban of future protests, which means demonstrators wanting to be “like water” – where they split into fast-moving groups – will be difficult to control if they are trying to disrupt a whole city.
So police will have to deal with what is in front of them.
If a specific protest in a specific place gets out of hand they will be able to close it down, but it will have to be a decision made by an officer on the spot, and not by someone sitting in a police station worrying about what protests may happen the next day.
Responding to Wednesday’s ruling, Extinction Rebellion UK tweeted “we won’t be silenced”.
Green Party peer Jenny Jones – who was among those to bring the legal challenge – described the ruling as “historic” and criticised ministers for speaking out in favour of the ban.
Met Assistant Commissioner Nick Ephgrave said the decision to impose the ban had been “reasonable and proportionate” and “was not taken lightly”.
He added that the police “would not and cannot ban protest” and that the ruling was made specifically on whether officers could arrest demonstrators for assembling in central London.
“There is no criticism from me of the decision to impose the condition, which was made with good intent and based upon the circumstances confronting the command team at the time,” he said.
“It did in fact result in the reduction of the disruption. Nevertheless, this case highlights that policing demonstrations like these, within the existing legal framework, can be challenging.”
What does Extinction Rebellion want?
Extinction Rebellion’s legal victory follows two weeks of protests in the UK last month.
The group (XR for short) wants governments to declare a “climate and ecological emergency” and take immediate action to address climate change.
It describes itself as an international “non-violent civil disobedience activist movement”.
Launched in 2018, organisers say it has groups willing to take action in dozens of countries.
It uses an hourglass inside a circle as its logo, to represent time running out for many species.
Downward dogs and yoga mats have replaced cars and buses on London’s Tower Bridge as part of Car Free Day.
The mass yoga session was one of a number of activities taking place in the capital as more than 16 miles (27 km) of streets were shut.
Bank junction has been turned into a festival space while children will race go-karts in the Square Mile.
The closures will be in place until 19:00 BST with roads elsewhere expected to be busy as a result.
Tower and London Bridge were shut at 07:00 along with streets in parts of the City, Southwark and Tower Hamlets.
Among the other activities taking place are a hedge maze in Cheapside and classic cycle rides on Tower Bridge.
Organisers hope more than 150,000 people will join the event which has been named Reimagine.
Away from the centre, 15 boroughs will be running their own Car Free Day celebrations and more than 340 “play streets” – safe spaces for local people to socialise and play – have been approved some 24 boroughs.
London’s Mayor Sadiq Khan said the day was about “demonstrating our commitment to cleaning up our toxic air and experiencing a greener way of living”.
Transport for London has warned that those who do take to the roads should expect “significant delays”.
A man in his 60s has been stabbed to death in west London.
Emergency services were called to St Mary’s Avenue South in Southall at 18:40 BST on Saturday where they found the man suffering from a stab wound.
He was pronounced dead at the scene and his next of kin have been informed, the Met Police said.
A man in his 30s has been arrested on suspicion of murder and is in hospital under police guard being treated for minor injuries.
According to a witness who gave the injured man first aid, he was stabbed after leaving a pub.
Raj Grover, who lives near to the victim, said he was getting ready to go to his own birthday party when the man knocked on his front door.
“He was ringing our doorbell,” he told the PA news agency. “He rang the bell and I went out, my son was there, he was shouting ‘Dad, come out’.
“I went downstairs and saw he was full of blood, and then I was running to pick up a towel.
“I put the towel on and I was pressing to stop the blood, then my wife came out, we called the ambulance and the police.”
Mr Grover, who runs a local business, said the victim asked him to call his wife, who then arrived at the house.
“His wife, she mentioned he went to the pub, I don’t know what happened in the pub just around the corner, he came back, was on his way back and somebody stabbed him twice, stabbed him two times with a knife on the stomach and on his side,” he said.
A crime scene and multiple road closures are in place in the area, Scotland Yard said on Saturday evening.
A 16-year-old boy has been stabbed to death in north-west London.
Police officers and the London Ambulance Service were called to Munster Square in Camden at about 23:10 BST on Monday.
Scotland Yard said the victim was pronounced dead at the scene and no arrests have been made.
A murder investigation has been launched and a crime scene remains in place. The Met has urged witnesses to come forward.
A large police cordon stretching across a number of roads was in place on Tuesday morning.
Ola Ince is a south Londoner who is taking London’s theatre scene by storm.
The 30-year-old has directed a host of shows in the West End including Tina the Musical.
She is also not afraid to tackle controversial subjects that ask questions about race and gender.
Ms Ince addresses these issues in her latest project at the Donmar Warehouse.
Up to 1.5 million people have been on the streets of London for the Pride parade.
Starting at Portland Place, the parade went across Oxford Circus and down Regent Street before arriving at Whitehall via Trafalgar Square.
This year’s event celebrated 50 years since the first Stonewall uprising in New York.
London Mayor Sadiq Khan said he hoped it would be the biggest Pride event to have been held in London.
More than 30,000 people from 600 groups, organisations and businesses were taking part in the event, which this year has a theme of Pride Jubilee.
The Red Arrows carried out a flypast at 13:25 BST.
At the scene: Rebecca Cafe, BBC News
Organisers said they expected 1.5 million people to attend this year’s event and although it is hard to say whether that estimate is accurate, all the streets are rammed full of partygoers.
Although the focal point of Pride in London is the main parade that runs from Oxford Street straight down to Whitehall, the celebrations have spread out right across central London, creating a real festival vibe.
On the streets of Soho, there is standing room only as friends congregate and chat while the sound systems blare music out.
Just down the road in Trafalgar Square, revellers wearing an array of colourful outfits are taking turns to parade down a mini catwalk – a pink carpet thrown down on the road.
At a nearby traffic light, a drag artist wearing an outfit fit for a Disney princess graciously posed for endless photos with tourists, while other revellers were decked out in their finest and most colourful outfits.
The parade was due to finish at 17:00, however from the look and sound of things it will be a long time before the celebration dies down.
Don Pepper, who was at London’s first pride event said it was very different then.
“There was no dressing up, there was no drag – it was just everyone dressed normally,” he said, adding that there were probably about 1,000 people marching then.
“There was abuse from cars whereas now people cheer you on, but then they would tell you to disappear.
“There wasn’t any entertainment afterwards, we just sat down and had a picnic and that was it.”
All pictures copyrighted.
King’s College London (KCL) has apologised and admitted it was wrong to ban a group of students from campus during a royal visit.
The Queen and the Duchess of Cambridge visited the university’s Strand Campus on 19 March to open Bush House.
One staff member and 13 students linked to campaigning groups were denied access to the campus, causing one student to fear he would miss an exam.
The acting principal said KCL’s actions that day “did not meet our values”.
Prof Evelyn Welch added that a report into the university’s actions was “uncomfortable to read” and that the leadership team “apologise wholeheartedly”.
The investigation found the university had breached its own policies regarding protection of personal information and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
Following protests at university events on both 4 March and 18 March, police contacted the university’s head of security to express concerns for an “increased risk” during the royal visit.
The card access for a list of people linked to groups including the Intersectional Feminist Society and Action Palestine was then blocked, without being them told.
One student reported he was worried he would miss an exam but “fortunately” security staff reinstated his card in time, the report said.
It added that another student was late for an assessed presentation and had to “beg to the point of tears to be let in”.
It concluded that the Estates and Facilities team had “overstepped the boundaries of their authority”.
Prof Welch said it was “clear how the decisions taken in the run-up to and on 19 March have hurt our community”.
She added: “The report shows that we need to take some actions to ensure that the values we uphold are applied consistently across our organisation.
“While individuals are identified, they should not be singled out as those who were solely responsible; as such we will be looking at the systemic underlying issues that we need to address at King’s going forward.”
The number of reports of theft on the London Underground has increased by more than 80% in the past three years.
The figures from British Transport Police (BTP) showed in 2016-17 there were 3,730 reports. This number increased to 6,825 in 2018-19.
The Piccadilly and Central lines saw the highest number of thefts, with a combined total of 2,250 reports made in the past year.
BTP said it was working hard to tackle theft.
The figures released to BBC London covered theft of passenger property, which included bag thefts and pickpocketing.
Steve, a BTP undercover officer, who did not want his full name used because of his undercover work, said: “It’s got a lot busier lately, a lot busier. We’re arresting a lot more people.
“In 14 years of doing pickpockets, I’ve never known it be this busy.”
Steve and other undercover teams work across the Underground looking out for thefts.
He said they could arrest perpetrators if they saw a theft being attempted and their aim was to stop it before it happened.
However, he said getting into the right position to see a crime happen unnoticed was difficult as some were carried out by very well-organised groups.
He said he was not sure why there had been an increase, but said some people he had arrested who had entered the country from Europe to pickpocket had told him it was a “last chance saloon” because of Brexit.
Det Insp Bob Stokoe, head of theft of passenger property at BTP, said: “I don’t think we can deny that it is incredibly disappointing that the numbers have gone up but the London Underground is still an incredibly safe environment.
“There are in excess of five million passenger journeys a day so it’s four crimes of theft for every million journeys.”
He said a new text report system meant it was now easier to report a theft, which may have increased the number of reports.
US President Donald Trump has once again criticised London Mayor Sadiq Khan, calling him a “national disgrace” who is destroying the UK’s capital.
His comments came after five attacks in London in less than 24 hours left three men dead and three others injured.
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said it was “absolutely awful” Mr Trump was using the “tragedy of people being murdered to attack the mayor”.
President Trump’s tweets follow a long-running feud between the two men.
Retweeting a post by right-wing commentator Katie Hopkins about this weekend’s violence in London, the president said Mr Khan was “a disaster” and the capital needed a new mayor.
Mr Trump later followed it up with another post saying: “He is a national disgrace who is destroying the city of London!”
In response, Mr Khan’s spokesman said the mayor’s thoughts were with the victims’ families and he “is not going to waste his time responding to this sort of tweet”.
The mayor was focused on supporting the city’s communities and “over-stretched” emergency services, he added.
Mr Khan later tweeted: “Violent crime has no place in our city, and there’s no higher priority for me than Londoners’ safety.”
Mr Corbyn tweeted in defence of Mr Khan, saying he was “rightly supporting the police to do their job while Katie Hopkins spreads hateful and divisive rhetoric”.
Dominic Casciani, BBC Home Affairs Correspondent
These three deaths take the total number of homicides in London in 2019 to 56. Official data shows that this time last year there had been 82 deaths – and 2018 was ultimately the worst year on record in the city for a decade.
How do these figures compare to other places? Donald Trump’s home city of New York is often regarded as a comparable city because it has a similar population and shares other characteristics too.
Figures from the Metropolitan Police show it recorded 136 homicides in the capital in 2018. That works out as a rate of approximately 1.5 killings for every 100,000 people who live in Greater London.
New York Police Department statistics show its per capita murder rate was twice as high.
Month-by-month statistics can mislead because crimes don’t occur at regular intervals – but this year’s rate for New York is, so far, also double London’s.
New York is by no means the US’s most dangerous city – there are many others which have far higher murder rates.
Police have made 14 arrests – including several boys and a girl – following the five separate attacks.
An 18-year-old man was stabbed to death on Friday afternoon in Wandsworth, south London, then minutes later a 19-year-old man was shot dead in Plumstead, south-east London.
Two teenagers have since been charged with the murder of the man in Wandsworth.
A man in his 30s then died after he was stabbed in Tower Hamlets on Saturday afternoon.
In the early hours of Saturday two men were stabbed in Clapham and another was stabbed in Brixton.
President Trump and Mr Khan have clashed many times in the past.
The president called Mr Khan a “stone cold loser who should focus on crime in London” shortly before landing in Stansted ahead of his three-day state visit to the UK earlier this month.
It followed comments from the mayor of London that the UK should not be “rolling out the red carpet” for Mr Trump during his visit.